what types of diabetes - prediabetes -MODY - gestational
Nothing in life is as straightforward as it should be, this is also the case for diabetes. Along with types 1 and 2, there are a few lesser known forms of the condition that should be taken into consideration.
Prediabetes – What is prediabetes and can prediabetes affect me? Prediabetes is when glucose levels are higher than the norm but not high enough to be considered as being diabetes. As with type 2 diabetes, with prediabetes, the body produces insulin but is not effective enough to combat the glucose in the bloodstream. Prediabetes is in fact a precursor to type 2 diabetes, as well as being a risk of heart disease. Consider this as a warning to avoid type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes is also known under the following terms:
- Borderline diabetes
- Non-diabetic hyperglycaemia (NDH).
- Impaired glucose regulation (IGR)
- Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
- Impaired fasting glucose (IFG)
Maturity Onset Diabetes of the of the Young (MODY) – What is MODY and can MODY affect me? MODY affects a small amount of people, about 1% to 2% often under 25 years of age and is often hereditary, passed on from one generation to the next through a single gene such as HNF1 – alpha. The child will have a 50/50 chance of developing MODY and often goes unrecognised.
Treatment is again similar to type 2 diabetes, with diet and exercise but may need to be treated with tablets or insulin.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) – What is Gestational Diabetes and how can Gestational diabetes affect me? Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy (usually the second or third trimester) where the body cannot make enough insulin to cope with the pregnancy. If this happens during the first trimester, it is usually a precursor that the condition was in the body before the pregnancy. Gestational Diabetes need notbe too much of a problem if you take care of it during your pregnancy
The condition usually goes after the baby is born, your GP usually handles this and you will have blood tests to confirm that you are clear of the condition. Any medication will then cease to be needed, although those developing the condition in the first trimester may need to be treated for type 2 diabetes at some time.